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Dead Sea Scrolls and the Qumran Community

Dead Sea Scrolls and the Qumran Community.

I’m trying to learn for my History class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

Write 2 complete sentences identifying/defining the term, explaining its significance to early Judaism and the texts we have talked about this quarter, and providing examples when relevant. (4 points each)

1. Pesher

2. Aramaic Literature at Qumran

3. Diaspora

4. Bar Kokhba Revolt

Part Two: Short Answer

Answer each question/prompt in 4-5 complete sentences. (15 points each)

1. Were women part of the Qumran community? What are the relevant sources and how have scholars interpreted them?

2. What are the differences between the communities described by the Damascus Document and Community Rule, and what do these differences suggest about the Essene movement?

3. What are the proposed calendars of Jubilees, 1 Enoch, and Qumran (be sure to mention specific sources for Qumran)? How does the calendar at Qumran inscribe difference from Jerusalem?

4. What are some of the sparks that caused the First Great Revolt? And how did Roman politics play a role in the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem?


Required Texts: – Geza Vermes, The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English (seventh edition; Penguin, 2012) = DSS – James VanderKam, An Introduction to Early Judaism (Eerdmans, 2001) = IEJ

Texts you can use:

Great Isaiah Scroll 1 Enoch Jubilees Tobit Targum? Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab) Copper Scroll Community Rule (1QS) Damascus Document (CD; 4Q265-73; 5Q12; 6Q15) 4QMMT (Miqsat Ma’ase Ha-Torah) Messianic Rule (1QSa) War Scroll (1QM) Temple Scroll (11QT) 4QMishmarot (Calendars of the Priestly Courses) Astrological Texts (4Q318) 4QFlorilegium (4Q174) The Versions of the Book of Jeremiah “Proto-Danielic Traditions” Genesis Apocryphon Aramaic Testament of Levi 4Q550 (“Proto-Esther”) Psalms at Qumran Writings of Josephus Writings of Pliny the Elder Writings of Philo New Testament Glykon Inscription Moschos Inscription The Mishnah The Talmud

Dead Sea Scrolls and the Qumran Community