The Mexican Revolution.
I’m working on a History exercise and need support.
Part 1. As you read the following chapters and video, file. Talk about what you think. You must ask one question about this readings on this discussion (1 page only)
1. Introductory Video:
- The Mexican Revolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HqTFvCtVgI&feature=emb_logo
2. Required Readings:
- Chapter 6 Introduction
- Military: Michael Meyer, “The Battle of Ciudad Juárez”
- Politics: Javier Malpica, “La Decena Trágica”
- Popular Groups: National Types Reflected in “La Cucaracha” and in John Reed, “The Rise of Pancho Villa”
3. Complete The Mexican Revolution Reading Quiz
This Quiz is “multiple answer”, meaning that there may be one, two, three, four, or five answers that are correct. In order to get the question correct, you must mark all correct answers.
“The Battle of Ciudad Juárez”
a. Describes the great respect and unquestioning compliance that Madero’s commanders had for him
b. Is a primary source text
c. Is a secondary source text
d. Asserts that looting, pillaging, and burning erupted after Navarro surrendered at Ciudad Juárez
e. Asserts that Madero decided to cancel the siege probably because he feared that shells crossing the boarder might cause the US to become involved
According to “La Decena Trágica”
a. Madero ushered in an era of peace, justice, and democracy after Díaz was overthrown
b. Huerta and the US Ambassador signed the Embassy Pact, in which Madero would be imprisoned and Huerta would become provisional president until Felix Díaz could be elected in new elections
c. Madero accepted exile in Spain after his overthrow
d. Madero was an authoritarian who claimed to believe in democracy
According to “Popular Groups: National Types Reflected in “La Cucaracha” and in John Reed, “The Rise of Pancho Villa”
a. Popular legends claimed that Villa fed districts during famine and took care of villages that were evicted from their lands under Porfirio Díaz’ land laws
b. The cockroach in this version of “La Cucaracha” is Pancho Villa
c. Pancho Villa joined Madero perhaps because he was inspired by the Revolution of the peons and perhaps because he saw a chance to whitewash himself
d. John Reed described Pancho Villa as a friend of the poor who is adored by his troops
4. Optional Readings:
- Mexico, A History: Chapter 10
- Church: Religious Provision and Land Provision of the Constitution of 1917
Part 2. Reply those 2 question. (6-7 sentences)
a. In the Battle of Ciudad Juarez, Orozco took initiative in attacking Navarro’s people without the consent of Maderro. Although Maderro, ordered Orozco to stop the attack, it was too late. Yet, due to this initiative, Maderro gained the power of Ciudad Juarez and ended the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz, which was the ultimate goal. As I was reflecting on this, I began to wonder how many other individuals with power such as Sargeants, Dictators, or Presidents, have acted on their own instinct without the approval of their team. It reminded me of the event of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and Bay of pigs in 1961 where President Kennedy had to make decisions with and without his team. Furthermore, what other events in history can relate to this event? Also, was Maderro a real hero who saved Ciudad Juarez, or was this win based on luck?
b. In “The Battle of Ciudad Juarez”, Meyer explains how the proximity of the US-Mexico border to the conflicts occurring during the Mexican Revolution played a role in the tactics and strategies of Mexican military leaders. First, the rebel commander Orozco moved parallel to the border, and then positioned his forces such that the federal troops could not fire on them lest they should risk shelling United States occupations (Problems 110). The hypothetical question I ask is, what might have happened in the case of accidental bombing of El Paso, or another part of the United States? I speculate that intervention (beyond negotiations from a single ambassador) could have taken a few forms from the United States, such as non-combative intervention, where the Federal Mexican forces would have been pressured to retreat or resign earlier by the United States, or forced to pay for damages caused. What do you think could have happened? Might have there been a military movement? Would the resulting occupation of Mexico’s government have changed, with American intervention?